Around 4,600 African students are currently trapped in the Chinese province which sparked the fast-spreading Coronavirus, according to data gathered by Beijing-based consultancy Development Reimagined.
China’s central province of Hubei, a popular university destination for African students, is the epicentre of the virus and where the vast majority of deaths have occurred since the outbreak late last year. Wuhan, the provincial capital of around 11m people, is in a state of complete lockdown.
African students trapped in the region must follow the guidelines put in place by the Chinese government which bans them from venturing outside or any form of travel. Should the students wish to return home, the Chinese government is seeking assurances they will be safely quarantined for a period of 14-days on arrival.
“For these students the situation is much more severe due to the strict quarantine procedures and transport bans across the province,” says Hannah Ryder, CEO of Development Reimagined which provided the data.
The UK, US, France, Japan and Australia have already evacuated some of their citizens who will be transferred to secure units for two weeks in order to help curb the pandemic.
As the World Health Organization announces a global emergency, African governments are scrambling to put together a response. Morocco and Algeria have publicly announced their intention to evacuate citizens, with a few other African countries expected to follow.
However, due to Africa’s relatively poor healthcare systems China is reluctant to allow governments to repatriate citizens trapped in Hubei.
Many African countries lack the technology needed to diagnose the virus or properly quarantine those affected.
According to data seen by African Business, the countries with the most students in Hubei province are Ghana (408), Nigeria (361), Ethiopia (305), Zimbabwe (288) and Tanzania (281).
Outside the danger-province, African students are permitted to travel despite facing tight restrictions to their normal lives.
“In other provinces apart from Hubei, students have been allowed to return to Africa,” says Ivan Kamali, studying at the Capital University of Economics and Business in Beijing.
“The problem is inter-city travel. Everyone has been urged to stay indoors and the streets are empty.”
There were 81,562 African students studying throughout the whole of China in 2018, according to government statistics.
As the number of cases in China spirals to 9,809, fears are growing over how long these students will remain protected from the virus.
So far, there are only three international cases of the virus inside China from Pakistani and Australian nationals.
Yet the window to leave the country may fast be shrinking as airlines across the world cancel flights to China in a bid to halt the spread of the virus.
In East Africa, Kenya and Rwanda have encouraged their national carriers to suspend all flights to and from China until further notice. Flights by Ethiopian Airlines currently continue despite mounting concerns.
Africa’s largest carrier runs six flights a day to five destinations in China including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu and Hong Kong. The busy airport in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa serves as Africa’s gateway to its largest Asian trading partner.
As it stands, there are suspected Coronavirus cases in Sudan, Angola, Kenya and Ethiopia, but so far none have been fatal.
Spreading to almost all regions in the world, authorities remain concerned that the virus’s relatively benign death rate of 2% could nonetheless have a devastating impact if spread among millions of people.
Unlike Ebola, which continues to blight parts of the African continent, the mildness of the Coronavirus is precisely what makes it so dangerous as it allows it to spread.