Dave Van Niekerk is the founder and CEO of fintech company MyBucks, and has a self-declared passion – delivering cost-effective financial services to what might be considered the bottom of the pyramid.
“I cut my teeth in the microfinance and consumer credit industry in South Africa with African Bank, in the late 90s” he recalls. African Bank had identified a lower income percentile of the population, offering financial services that the dominant South African banks – Standard, Absa, Nedbank, and FNB – had complacently neglected.
The “big four” have reappraised matters in the meantime, noting the huge success and growth of Capitec (and for that matter African Bank, although it failed in 2014, quickly receiving support from the South African Reserve Bank to resume trading). But Van Niekerk enjoys first mover advantage, taking the decision in 2009 to join former colleagues from African Bank, to found MyBucks.
Van Niekerk took a year or so to thoroughly research what was then called digital financial services (now termed fintech), launching MyBucks, headquartered in Luxemburg, in 2011. It has a portfolio of products offering banking – GetBanked; lending – GetBucks; and insurance – GetSure, as well as credit reports and budgeting tools.
Growth since My Bucks’ inception has been nothing short of phenomenal, and the company passed two important watersheds last year. The first, in June, was to initiate a listing on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange with an initial public offering that raised €15.5m ($16.5m).
The float enabled MyBucks to complete a strategy of pan-African expansion through the acquisition from Opportunity International of three banks, one savings and loans company, and two non-bank financial institutions.
Not only did this, at a stroke, increase MyBucks customer base from 150,000 to more than 1.5m but it more than doubled assets from €71m to €145m and, as Van Niekerk points out “gave MyBucks access to local currencies, significantly reducing foreign exchange risks.”
It added Ghana, Tanzania, and Mozambique to the MyBucks pan-African footprint and complemented existing operations in Kenya, Malawi and Zambia (as well as two European countries, Poland and Spain).
Opportunity International (OI) is now a minority shareholder in MyBucks. OI is a global non-profit organisation that aims to help people in developing countries work their way out of poverty. Founded in 1971, the organisation has to date provided more than $9bn in micro-finance loans and equity finance.
At the end of 2015, OI served more than 12m clients in 28 countries across Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe They were using an OI loan, savings account, insurance policy or training programme to improve their lives. More than 95% of Opportunity’s loan clients are women who would otherwise have difficulty accessing financial services because of legal and cultural gender inequities in many developing countries.
It has a number of major philanthropic foundations behind it, including Bill & Melinda Gates. In many ways, the MyBucks acquisition of OI’s banks is a perfect fit: while MyBucks’ vision is to avoid clients having to visit a location to access services and achieve financial inclusion in all its markets, it might be argued that some banking regulators are a little behind the curve in this regard. Van Niekerk explains the situation.
“Here in South Africa they only wanted one point of presence. Zimbabwe wanted 15 points of presence; Kenya they wanted five; Uganda I think we have seven, so depending on the country, we’re required to have physical branches.”
The OI deal sees six national branch networks being absorbed into the MyBucks operations. “Typically, their branches are not big but more like internet cafes where we have people helping customers go online,” Van Niekerk says. “It’s more a technology driven experience for the customer, rather than standing in a queue to be seen by a cashier or teller. It’s all technology driven.”
For OI, what must have been one of MyBucks main attractions was the MyBucks’ proprietary credit decision making and scoring technology, a platform called Jessie which enables the distribution of financial products at a highly competitive cost, rapidly scaling up the business and effectively managing credit risk.
There is also a platform that uses sophisticated algorithms to root out fraudulent loan applications. Currently, MyBucks’ non-performing loans run at some 7.3%.
Public relations counsel Sam Amsterdam says what he finds particularly intriguing about the MyBucks’ model is the corporate social responsibility element. He describes it as “philanthropic in its very nature.” Opportunity International Global CEO Vicki Escarra agrees, but goes further. “Fintech holds tremendous potential to increase financial inclusion and help Opportunity International reach more people in need faster with life-changing access to financial solutions, training and other services to help them break the cycle of poverty, transform their lives and strengthen their families and communities.
“Not only can fintech make these products and services more accessible, it can also make them more affordable by lowering the cost of doing business for the financial institution, a savings which can be passed on to the consumer.
“Couple this with the near ubiquitous availability of affordable mobile phones and cellular networks, and a world where no one is excluded from the financial system may not be that far out of reach. We expect fintech to help us reinvent the microfinance industry and continue working to change the world.”
But as with any corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiative, there is the question of whether the proponent is simply taking over the state’s responsibility for caring for its citizens. When this question was put to Escarra, she told African Banker: “Government funding [to OI] fits well with our aspirations.
“I’ve heard this argument about CSR’s failings before, but our model is about creating entrepreneurship and jobs. And we have really great relations with all the heads of state of the countries we work in, and certainly the first ladies, and they are very supportive of our work and we work hand in hand with them.”
And so the MyBucks story continues. They have just released their latest trading figures which reveal that in the full year June 2015–16, revenues rose to €38.9m. Strong growth, as the OI assets are fully integrated into the MyBucks brand, is anticipated for the year ending June 2017.